Work of the Ignorant Shavepate, The ［愚禿鈔］ ( Gutoku-shō): A 1255 writing by Shinran, the founder of the True Pure Land (Jōdo Shin) school in Japan. Shinran had adopted the name Gutoku, meaning “ignorant shavepate,” after his exile to Echigo in 1207. This work consists of two volumes. The first volume concerns the classification of the Buddhist teachings and asserts that all teachings other than those pertaining to Amida Buddha’s original vows are provisional. The second volume discusses the three kinds of mind (a sincere mind, a mind of deep faith, and a mind resolved to attain rebirth in the Pure Land), the necessity of relying solely upon Amida’s mercy, and other topics.