six schools of Nara ［南都六宗］ ( nanto-rokushū): Also, six schools. Six schools of Buddhism that flourished in Nara, the capital of Japan, during the Nara period (710–794). They are the Dharma Analysis Treasury (Kusha), Establishment of Truth (Jōjitsu), Three Treatises (Sanron), Precepts (Ritsu), Dharma Characteristics (Hossō), and Flower Garland (Kegon) schools. These were not so much independent religious schools as philosophical or doctrinal systems, and more than one of these traditions were usually studied at each of the seven major temples of Nara. At Tōdai-ji temple, for example, all six were studied. Later, however, when the great statue of Vairochana Buddha, the principal Buddha of the Flower Garland teachings, was completed and enshrined there, the Flower Garland school became preeminent at Tōdai-ji. The Three Treatises school was based primarily at Daian-ji and Gangō-ji temples, and the Dharma Characteristics school at Gangō-ji and Kōfuku-ji. Though Establishment of Truth and Dharma Analysis Treasury are called schools also, their doctrines were studied in conjunction with the doctrines of the Three Treatises and Dharma Characteristics schools, respectively, and they did not become independent schools. The Precepts school was established in Japan by the Chinese priest Chien-chen ( Ganjin) who arrived there in 753.