Ryōgen ［良源］ (912–985): Also known as the Great Teacher Jie. The eighteenth chief priest of Enryaku-ji, the head temple of the Tendai school on Mount Hiei in Japan. He is regarded as a restorer of the Tendai school. A native of Ōmi Province, he began his Buddhist practice at Mount Hiei in 923. In 937 he defeated the priest Gishō of the Dharma Characteristics (Hossō) school in debate, and in 963 he prevailed over the priest Hōzō of the same school in what became known as the Ōwa Debate, held at the imperial court. (It is called the Ōwa Debate because it took place in the third year of the Ōwa era, 963). Thus he won nationwide fame. In 966 he became chief priest of Enryaku-ji temple, and in 981 was appointed general administrator of priests, the highest rank in the priesthood. He was often ordered by the imperial court to conduct a prayer ritual for the security of the imperial family. He also rebuilt dilapidated temples on Mount Hiei and helped restore the Tendai school. His major disciples Genshin and Kakuun founded the Eshin branch and the Danna branch, respectively, of the Tendai school.