Revata ［離婆多］ (, Pali; Ribata): (1) A monk in India who lived about one hundred years after Shakyamuni’s death. At that time, the monks of the Vriji tribe in Vaishālī were advocating a freer interpretation of the precepts, a move that disturbed more conservative monks. The council headed by Yasa, in which Revata was a leading figure, rejected the Vriji monks’ proposal as ten unlawful revisions, and controversy over this issue eventually led to the first schism in the Buddhist Order. The monks who were dissatisfied with this decision formed the Mahāsāmghika school. See also five teachings of Mahādeva; ten unlawful revisions.
(2) Also known as Revata-khadiravaniya. Shāriputra’s younger brother and a disciple of Shakyamuni Buddha. He was known as having few desires and being diligent in the practice of meditation.