Pai-ma-ssu ［白馬寺］ (PY Baimasi; Hakuba-ji): “White Horse Temple,” said to have been the first Buddhist temple built in China. According to tradition, Emperor Ming of the Later Han dynasty built this temple in c.e. 67 at Lo-yang for Kāshyapa Mātanga and Chu Fa-lan, Buddhist monks who had come from India at his invitation to teach Buddhism. In this temple, it is said, they accomplished the first Chinese translation of a Buddhist scripture—the Sutra of Forty-two Sections. The temple was named Pai-ma-ssu, or White Horse Temple, because the two Indian monks were said to have brought Buddhist scriptures from India on the backs of white horses. Later in China, in accordance with this tradition, temples with the name Pai-ma-ssu were built at Ch’ang-an, Chien-k’ang, and elsewhere.