parinirvāna ［般涅槃・涅槃］ (; Pali parinibbāna; hatsu-nehan or nehan): Complete nirvana. Also called mahāparinirvāna (great complete nirvana). Mahā means great, and pari means round, complete, or final. Nirvana refers to the death, or “passing into extinction,” of a Buddha. Parinirvāna in this sense is the same as “nirvana of no remainder,” in which both body and mind, the sources of desire and suffering, are extinguished. Nirvana also means emancipation from delusion and suffering, or enlightenment. Accordingly, parinirvāna can also indicate complete emancipation, perfect tranquillity, or perfect enlightenment. See also nirvana.