Kālodāyin ［迦留陀夷］ (; Karudai): A disciple of Shakyamuni Buddha. When Shakyamuni was a prince, Kālodāyin was his subject. Later Kālodāyin renounced secular life and became a disciple of the Buddha. He is said to have failed to observe the precepts, but later attained the state of arhat and converted 999 families in Shrāvastī. According to The Ten Divisions of Monastic Rules, Kālodāyin was killed and his head buried in horse dung by the jealous husband of a woman who gave him offerings when he was begging for alms in Shrāvastī. According to another account, Kālodāyin happened to discover a young Brahman woman’s love affair. Fearing he would tell her husband, she feigned sickness and asked him, as a Buddhist monk, to come to care for her. When he arrived, she had her servant behead him.