Jambudvīpa ［閻浮提・贍部洲］ (; Pali Jambudīpa; Embudai or Sembu-shū): One of four continents situated in the four directions around Mount Sumeru, according to the ancient Indian worldview. Jambudvīpa is the southern continent. Jambu (or jambū) is the name of a tree said to abound in Jambudvīpa; dvīpa means continent. The shape of Jambudvīpa is that of an almost equilateral triangle (precisely, a trapezoid whose southern end is far narrower than its northern end). That is, the northern part of the continent is broad, tapering to a very narrow breadth in the south, a shape that suggests the Indian subcontinent. In the northern part of Jambudvīpa are the Snow Mountains, and to the north of the Snow Mountains lies Heat-Free Lake (also known as Anavatapta Lake). The four great rivers of the Gangā, Sindhu, Vakshu, and Shītā originate from Heat-Free Lake and nurture the soil on Jambudvīpa. Mount Fragrant stands to the north of Heat-Free Lake. Within Jambudvīpa, there are sixteen great states, five hundred middle-sized states, and a hundred thousand small states (ten thousand small states according to another source). The joys of Jambudvīpa are fewer than those of the other three continents, for this continent is populated with people of bad karma. It is said, therefore, that the Buddhas appear only in Jambudvīpa in order to save the people.