Fa-lang ［法朗］ (507–581) (PY Falang; Hōrō): A priest of the Three Treatises (San-lun) school in China. Since he lived at Hsing-huang-ssu temple, he is also known as Hsing-huang. In 527 he renounced secular life and studied meditation under Pao-chih at Ta-ming-ssu temple. After that, he traveled and studied the vinaya, or rules of monastic discipline, and the teachings of the Abhidharma (P’i-t’an) and the Establishment of Truth (Ch’eng-shih) schools. At Chih-kuan-ssu temple, he studied The Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom, The Treatise on the Middle Way, The One-Hundred-Verse Treatise, and The Treatise on the Twelve Gates under Seng-ch’üan. He also studied the Flower Garland and Wisdom sutras. He was revered as one of Seng-ch’üan’s four main disciples. In 558, in compliance with imperial decree, he settled at Hsing-huang-ssu temple in the capital and lectured on the above four treatises. Chi-tsang was his successor.