Fa-tao ［法道］ (1086–1147) (PY Fadao; Hōdō): Also known as Yung-tao or the Tripitaka Master Fa-tao. A Buddhist priest of China who remonstrated with Hui-tsung, the eighth emperor of the Northern Sung dynasty. Emperor Hui-tsung, a confirmed Taoist, revered the philosophy of Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu and in 1119 decided to replace some terms and titles used in Buddhism with those of Taoism. Fa-tao opposed this move, incurring the emperor’s wrath. He was branded on the face and exiled to Tao-chou, south of the Yangtze River.