Ensai ［円載］ (d. 877): A priest of the Tendai school in Japan. In 839, seventeen years after the death of Dengyō, his teacher and the school’s founder, Ensai made a pilgrimage to Mount T’ien-t’ai in China. There he submitted a list of thirty questions (fifty questions by another account) that had been prepared at Enryaku-ji, the head temple of the Japanese Tendai school, to the priest Kuang-hsiu and his disciple Wei-chüan of the T’ien-t’ai school. Upon receiving their answers, he had two of his disciples take them back to Enryaku-ji in Japan. Ensai stayed in China for nearly forty years. He died while on his way back to Japan with many Buddhist and Confucian scriptures when his ship was wrecked in a storm.