Eisai ［栄西］ (1141–1215): Also known as Yōsai. The founder of the Rinzai school of Zen in Japan. As a youth he received the precepts and was ordained at Enryaku-ji, the head temple of the Tendai school on Mount Hiei. He traveled to China twice, in 1168 and in 1187, and brought back the Zen teaching of the Lin-chi ( Rinzai) school. He founded a number of Zen temples, including Shōfuku-ji in Hakata, Kennin-ji in Kyoto, and Jufuku-ji in Kamakura. The opposition of the Tendai priests on Mount Hiei made it difficult for him to propagate his teachings in Kyoto, so he went to Kamakura. There he founded Jufuku-ji temple with the support of Hōjō Masako, widow of Minamoto no Yoritomo, the founder of the Kamakura shogunate, and devoted himself to propagation. He also won the patronage of the second shogun, Minamoto no Yoriie, and with his support founded Kennin-ji in Kyoto.
In Kyoto he found it necessary to compromise with the older schools; Kennin-ji, for example, was not a purely Zen institution but included places for Tendai and True Word (Shingon) worship. Though not technically the first to introduce Zen ideas to Japan, Eisai is credited with establishing Zen as an independent school. His works include The Propagation of Zen for the Protection of the Country. He also wrote Drinking Tea to Improve Health and ProlongLife, the first work on tea in Japan. When the third shogun, Minamoto no Sanetomo, was ill, Eisai offered him a regimen that involved drinking tea.