Dharmagupta school ［法蔵部・曇無徳部］ (; Hōzō-bu or Dommutoku-bu): Also known as the Dharmaguptaka school. One of the twenty Hinayana schools of ancient India. According to The Doctrines of the Different Schools, during the third one-hundred-year period after Shakyamuni Buddha’s death, the Dharmagupta school branched out from the Mahīshāsaka school, which had derived from the Sarvāstivāda school. The Fourfold Rules of Discipline, a text of the vinaya (rules of monastic discipline), belongs to the Dharmagupta school. This text had a great influence on Chinese Buddhism. According to The Doctrines of the Different Schools, the Dharmagupta school attached greater importance to making offerings to the Buddha himself than to the Buddhist Order. It asserted that the building of stupas would result in great reward. Although the school is within the lineage of the Sthaviravāda (Pali Theravāda) school, its ideas are similar to those of another, more progressive and flexible lineage, the Mahāsamghika school and its branches. It is said that the Long Āgama Sutra, one of the four Āgama sutras, was preserved and transmitted by the Dharmagupta school.