Dharmagupta () (1) ［達摩笈多］ (d. 619) ( Darumagyūta): A native of Lāra in southern India. He became a monk at age twenty-three and later traveled through various kingdoms in Central Asia to pursue study of the sutras. He went to Ch’ang-an in China in 590, where he lived at Ta-hsing-shan-ssu temple and engaged in the translation of Buddhist scriptures. Together with Jnānagupta, he produced a Chinese version of the Lotus Sutra titled the Supplemented Lotus Sutra of the Wonderful Law.
(2) ［達摩掬多］ (n.d.) ( Darumakikuta): A monk of Nālandā Monastery in India at the end of the sixth century. He was the teacher of Shan-wu-wei ( Shubhakarasimha). The Sung Dynasty Biographies of Eminent Priests says that he looked like a man of forty when he was in reality eight hundred. He is said to have transferred Esoteric Buddhism to Shan-wu-wei and instructed the latter to propagate it in China, aiding him through his supernatural powers. One view identifies Dharmagupta with Nāgabodhi. Another holds that he is an imaginary figure, in view of the mysterious legends surrounding him.